A casino is a place where people play games of chance for money or other prizes. Most casinos feature a wide range of games, from blackjack and roulette to craps and poker. Some casinos also offer live entertainment and themed restaurants. Casinos have been around for millennia, with the first ones appearing in Asia and Europe. Today there are casinos worldwide.

In the United States, many state-licensed and regulated gambling clubs operate. The most famous is probably the Bellagio in Las Vegas. Other notable casinos include the Casino de Monte-Carlo in Monaco, and the Casino Baden-Baden in Germany. In Europe, the elegant spa town of Baden-Baden has been a destination for European royalty and aristocracy for more than 150 years.

The casino business is a huge industry, with revenues from gaming operations accounting for nearly 10 percent of Nevada’s GDP. The industry is dominated by two large chains, Caesars and MGM Resorts International. A third major player is Wynn Resorts.

Every casino game has a built-in house advantage, which gives the casino a mathematical expectancy of winning over time. Depending on the rules of a particular game and the skill of players, this edge can be as small as two percent.

To maximize their profits, casinos hire professional mathematicians to calculate the expected return of each game and analyze the results of individual games. They may also employ experts in statistics and computer programming. These professionals are known as gaming mathematicians or gaming analysts.